Dogon son un pueblo que se localiza en la República de
Malí (África Occidental). Sobre este pueblo cae un enigma
realmente asombroso, posiblemente uno de los enigmas más
extraordinarios con los que se ha topado la ciencia.
Los Dogon son
poseedores de una mitología tan rica como compleja. Sus leyendas
contienen conocimientos astronómicos que de ninguna forma
pudieron haber obtenido por sí mismos. Esto le plantea a la
ciencia un enigma que es incapaz de explicar, y que escapa por
completo a las soluciones convencionales.
La sabiduría de este
pueblo contiene datos precisos y detallados sobre el sistema
solar, que en muchos casos solo han entrado a formar parte del
acervo de la astronomía moderna muy recientemente: describen a
Luna como "seca y estéril", saben que el planeta
Júpiter (al que llaman "Dana Tolo") tiene
cuatro grandes satélites, conocen los anillos de Saturno,
y que los planetas describen órbitas elípticas alrededor del
Esta noción de que los
cuerpos celestes siguen órbitas elípticas alrededor de un astro
principal que se ubica en uno de los focos sólo fue aceptada por la
astronomía occidental a partir de Kepler, en el siglo XVII.
También, describen a la Vía Láctea como una galaxia espiral
formada por millones de estrellas.
A parte de todo esto, incluso se refieren a la naturaleza del Sol.
Ellos dicen que nuestro Sol y la estrella Sirio esa
estrella de primera magnitud, la más brillante del hemisferio Sur,
en realidad son dos soles hermanos que se desgajaron uno del otro y
se formaron dos sistemas estelares diferentes pero que tienen un
mismo origen, hay que decir que la estrella Sirio está a 8'7 años
luz del Sistema Solar, una de las cinco estrellas más cercanas
al sistema solar.
Sin embargo, los conceptos
fundamentales de los mitos Dogon no se refieren sólo al
sistema solar. Los Dogon aseguraban conocer la existencia de
una estrella (Sirio B) que es imposible de ver a simple
vista. Para ellos es las más importante del firmamento y gira
alrededor de Sirio A, la más brillante del cielo en la
constelación del Can Mayor. Ambas estrellas, no ofrecen al
ojo humano más que un solo y potente foco de luz en el firmamento,
lo que hace imposible distinguir una estrella de otra.
Existía pues, la
circunstancia de que los dogones conocían
Sirio B, siendo conscientes además de que era invisible. Los
dibujos representativos que hacen de la órbita de Sirio B,
alrededor de Sirio A, son exactamente idénticos a los del
moderno diagrama astronómico. También aseguran que Sirio B,
es una estrella muy pequeña. La llaman "Po Tolo". Continúan
con la afirmación de que a pesar de ser muy pequeña, es muy pesada,
la más pesada que existe, constituida en un material más brillante
que el hierro al que denominan "Sagala". La astronomía
oficial sabe que Sirio B es una "enana blanca", una
estrella muy pequeña y muy pesada.
De acuerdo a su mitología,
"Po Tolo" da una vuelta alrededor de Sirio cada 50 años
(según la ciencia oficial sus cálculos se estiman en la actualidad
en 50,040 años), pero además los dogones dicen que aparte de
"Po Tolo", la compañera de Sirio, existe otra estrella que es
4 veces mayor que "Po Tolo" pero sin embargo mucho más ligera en
peso y que tiene una órbita más exterior y que dura también 50 años
en dar la vuelta a Sirio, y los dogones denominan "Emme Ya"
(por primera vez, en el año 1.862, el astrónomo americano
Alvan Clark logró ver en la estrella de Sirio, que no era sólo
una, sino dos estrellas. Con un objetivo de 47 cm. de diámetro pudo
distinguir a la que fue conocida desde ese mismo momento como Sirio
B. Posteriormente, en una época mucho más reciente, se detectó la
existencia de una tercera estrella que completaba el sistema de
Sirio C, la "Emme Ya" de los dogones).
Dogon sand drawing
of the complete Sirius system, after Marcel Griaule and
B, Po Tolo,
the object equated with Sirius B, shown in two positions;
C, Emme Ya,
the sun of women, equated with Sirius C; D, the Nommo;
Yourougou, a mythical male figure destined to pursue his female
F, the star
of women, a satellite of emma ya;
G, the sign
H, the sex
of women, represented by a womb shape.
The whole system
is enclosed in an oval, representing the egg of the world.
Dicen los Dogones que "Emme Ya" es la segunda
acompañante de Sirio y tiene a su vez un pequeño satélite que gira a
su alrededor y que ellos la denominan "Nyan Tolo", la
estrella de las mujeres.
Hablan de esto y además no
solamente de estás compañeras invisibles de Sirio sino que incluso
dibujan las trayectorias de sus orbitas (se ha descubierto que la
trayectoria que los dogones dibujan es exactamente la misma
que han descubierto los astrónomos). Los dogones aseguran que
todos sus conocimientos proceden de
unos seres que llegaron a la Tierra procedentes de "Nyan Tolo",
satélite de "Emme Ya", del sistema de Sirio,
aproximadamente hacia el año 3000 A.C., y a los que denominan
Los "Nommos" descendieron a la Tierra en un "arca" roja
como el fuego inicialmente y volviéndose blanca cuando aterrizó. Al
aterrizar parecía como si cuatro enormes rocas chocaran entre sí,
levantando una gigantesca nube de polvo...
The Dogon tells the
legend of the Nommos, awful-looking beings who arrived
in a vessel along with fire and thunder.
After they arrived here - they put out a reservoir of water onto the
Earth then dove into the water. There are references in the oral
traditions, drawings and cuneiform tablets of the Dogons, to human
looking beings who have feet but who are portrayed as having a large
fish skin running down their bodies.
The Nommos were more fishlike than human, and had to live in
water. They were saviors and spiritual guardians:
"The Nommo divided his
body among men to feed them; that is why it is also said that as the
universe "had drunk of his body," the Nommo also made
men drink. He gave all his life principles to human beings."
The Nommo was crucified and resurrected and in the future will again
visit the Earth, this time in human form. Later he will assume his
amphibious form and will rule the world from the waters.
Dogon mythology is known only by a number of their priests, and
is a complex system of knowledge. Such carefully guarded secrets
would not be divulged to friendly strangers very easily. If the star
Emme Ya is eventually discovered in the Sirius system, this
would give considerably weight to the Dogon's story.
The Nommos, who could live on land but dwelled mostly in the
sea, were part fish, like merfolk (mermaids and mermen).
Similar creatures have been noted in other ancient civilizations:
Sumer, Babylonia's Oannes, Acadia's Ea, Sumer's Enki, and Egypt's
goddess Isis. It was from the Nommos that the Dogon claimed
their knowledge of the heavens.
The Dogon also claimed that a third star (Emme Ya)
existed in the Sirius system. Larger and lighter than Sirius B, this
star revolved around Sirius as well. And around it orbited a planet
from which the Nommos came. (Sirius A).
According to Robert Temple's Book The Sirius Mystery,
the Dogon, a tribe of about 100,000 in western Africa, have had
contact with extraterrestrials. One of Temple's main pieces of
evidence is the tribe's alleged knowledge of Sirius B, a companion
to the star Sirius. The Dogon are supposed to know that Sirius B
orbits Sirius and that a complete orbit takes fifty years. One of
the pieces of evidence Temple cites is a sand picture made by
the Dogon to explain their beliefs.
are a number of other astronomical beliefs held by the Dogon which
are curious; e.g., traditional belief in a heliocentric system and
elliptical orbits of astronomical phenomena; knowledge of satellites
of Jupiter and rings of Saturn, among other things.
Where did they get this knowledge, if not from extraterrestrial
visitors? They don't have telescopes or other scientific equipment,
so how could they get this knowledge?
Carl Sagan concludes that the Dogon could not have acquired
their knowledge without contact with an advanced technological
civilization. He suggests, however, that that civilization was
terrestrial rather than extraterrestrial. Western Africa has had
many visitors from technological societies located on planet Earth.
The Dogon have a traditional interest in the sky and astronomical
phenomena. As Sagan notes, if a European had visited the
Dogon in the 1920s and 1930s, conversation would likely have turned
to astronomical matters, including Sirius, the brightest star in the
sky and the centre of Dogon mythology.
Furthermore, there had been a good amount of discussion of Sirius in
the scientific press in the '20s so that by the time Griaule
arrived, the Dogon may have had a grounding in 20th Century
technological matters beyond their understanding brought to them by
visitors from other parts of Earth and transmitted in conversation.
notes that some of the discussion of the day involved the nature of
white dwarfs, for example. Sirius B is a white dwarf, an extremely
dense star, e.g., about a tonne to the cubic inch.)
Chronologically, the earliest of these amphibious entities would
appear to be the Babylonian fish-people. They were known to the
Babylonians as the Annedoti, which translates as
'repulsive', but notwithstanding their unappealing appearance they
were sufficiently influential for the Babylonians to accept their
teachings and acquire from them the fundamental tenets of
civilisation. The most august member of the
Annedoti was Oannes, portrayed in ancient Babylonian
depictions as a curious, complex hybrid of human and fish, with a
bearded man's head beneath the head of a fish, and the body of a
fish borne upon the back of a man's body.
According to Babylonian legends, this aquatic deity would come on land
during the day to teach the people, and would dive back at night
into the Persian Gulf, where he lived in an underwater palace called
the Apsu. Was Oannes the original Nommo?
Equivalent to Oannes in the religion of the Philistines
at Philistia (in what is now Israel) was a human-bodied,
fish-tailed deity called Dagon. Further to the west,
Pharos in northern Egypt was said to be the home of 'the Old
Man of the Sea' a shape-shifting amphibious deity known as
Proteus, son of Oceanus and renowned among the ancient
Greeks as an oracle. Significantly, their traditional legends
specifically claimed that he often sheltered in a cave to avoid the
heat of Sirius.
The Dogon are an ancient people of Mali in North-western
Africa. Presumed by anthropologists to be root African humans, they
inhabit an almost inaccessible, inhospitable desert south of
Timbuktu and south of the Niger River on the southern edge of the
Because there are no paved roads, no electricity, no surface water and
little contact with the outside world, the Dogon Territories in the
Hombori Mountains have been called the "end of the earth." Indeed,
the word Timbuktu in the 16th century a thriving metropolis
of a million Muslims and now reduced to a crumbling village of only
10,000 is synonymous with barren desolation at the end of nowhere.
Anthropological studies by the French in the 1930s and more recently
by British anthropologist Robert Temple, have revealed a
stunningly complex and sophisticated Dogon society. But what has
amazed and mystified researchers most is the fact that the Dogon
have a quite unusual and extensive knowledge of the star system
For centuries the Dogon have held as their most sacred religious
tradition a body of knowledge of the star Sirius which should be
impossible for any primitive tribe to know. They consider, for
example, that the most important star in the sky is Sirius B,
a small star that orbits the bright star Sirius. But Sirius B
is invisible to the unaided eye and was only photographed via
telescope for the first time in 1970.
Their ancient drawings show the helical rising of Sirius with
the Sun and Sirius joined together. They show the rings of Saturn
and the four major moons of Jupiter as well as the elliptical
orbit of the invisible star Sirius B around Sirius and relate
that, not only is it a dense and heavy star, which it is now known
to be far more dense than earth but correctly note that the
elliptical orbit is completed once every 50 years, an event they
celebrate at exactly the proper moment, even if only once or twice
in a person's entire lifetime!
Robert Temple suggests that the only access a primitive African
people could have had to such sophisticated knowledge of a distant
and invisible star system would be through the visit to our planet
in ancient times of extraterrestrial beings who somehow described
and explained from whence they had come.
To add to the mystery are strange cliff dwellings that were
carved into the Hombori mountains above the Dogon villages
many centuries ago. But the rooms are far too small for normal size
humans to live in. Dogon legend has it that these dwellings were
inhabited by a long-vanished people they call "the little blue
men." The best interpolation of this story that I have come
across is the one in the book "The Ancient Secret of the Flower
of Life" by
Drunvalo Melchizedec. This is also one of the best books on the
market on the subject of sacred geometry.
Robert Temple was one of the first people to reveal certain
facts though scientists have known for a long time-about an African
tribe near Timbuktu called the Dogons. This tribe holds information
that is impossible for them to have by any standards in our view of
the world today. Their information destroys everything we think we
know about ourselves in regard to being alone.
You see, the Dogons have a cave on their land that stretches way back
into a mountain, and in this cave are wall drawings over 700 years
old. One particular man, the holy man of their tribe, sits at the
front of this cave to protect it. This is his lifetime job. They
feed him and take care of him, but no one can touch him or get close
to him. When he dies, another holy man takes his place. In this cave
are amazing drawings and bits of information.
I'm going to tell you about two of these bits-and these are only two
of many. First of all, we're referring to the brightest star in the
sky (with an apparent magnitude of 1.4) Sirius, now called Sirius A.
If you look at Orion's Belt, those three stars in a row, and follow
the line downward to your left, you see a very bright star, which is
Sirius A. If you follow them upward about twice the distance, you
see the Pleiades. The information in the Dogon cave specifically
showed another star rotating around Sirius. The Dogons are very
specific about this star. They say it's very, very old and very
small, and that it's made out of what they called the "heaviest
matter in the universe" (which is close, but not actually
correct). And they say that it takes "close to fifty years"
for this small star to rotate around Sirius. This is detailed stuff.
Astronomers were able to validate the existence of Sirius B, a
white dwarf, in 1862, and only about fifteen or twenty years ago
could they validate the other information.
Now, stars are very much like people, as you will begin to see.
They're alive, and they have personalities and many qualities like
we have. On a scientific level, they have growth stages. They start
out as hydrogen suns, like ours, where two hydrogen atoms come
together in a fusion reaction to form helium. This process creates
all the life and light that's on this planet.
As a star further matures, another fusion process begins - the helium
process - where three helium atoms come together to form carbon.
These growth process continues through various stages until it gets
all the way up through a particular level of the atomic table, at
which point the star reached the length of its life span. At the end
of its life, as far as we know there are two primary things a star
can do. New data on pulsars and magnetars give other options. One,
it can explode and become a super nova, a huge hydrogen cloud that
becomes the womb for hundreds of baby stars. Two, it can
rapidly expand into what's called a red giant, a huge explosion that
engulfs all its planets-burns them up and destroys the whole system,
then stays expanded for a long time. Then slowly it will collapse
into a tiny old star called a white dwarf.
What the scientists found rotating around Sirius was a white dwarf,
which corresponded exactly to what the Dogons say. Then science
checked to see how much it weighed, to see if it really was the
"heaviest matter in the universe." The original computations - made
about twenty years ago - determined that it weighed about 2000
pounds per cubic inch. That would certainly qualify for heavy
matter, but science now knows that this was an extremely
conservative estimate. The newest estimate is approximately 1.5
million tons per cubic inch!.
holes aside, that would surely seem to he the heaviest matter in the
universe. This means that you had a cubic inch of this white dwarf,
which is now called Sirius B it would weigh about one and a half
million tons, which would go right through anything you set it on.
It would head toward the center of the Earth and actually oscillate
back and forth across the core for a long time until friction
finally stopped it in the very center.
In addition, when they checked the rotational pattern of Sirius B
around the larger Sirius A, they found it to be 50.1 years. Now,
that absolutely could not be a coincidence!. It's just too
close, too factual. Yet how did an ancient primitive tribe know
such detailed information about a star that could be measured only
in this century?
But that is only part of their information. They also knew about all
the other planets in our solar system, including Neptune, Pluto
and Uranus, which we have discovered more recently. They knew
exactly what the planets look like when you approach them from
space, which we have also only recently learned. They also knew
about red and white blood cells, and had all kinds of physiological
information about the human body that we've recently learned. All
this from a "primitive" tribe!
Naturally, a scientific team was sent over to ask the Dogons how they
knew all this. Well, that was probably a big mistake for these
researchers because if they accepted that the Dogons really have
this information by default they must accept how they got it. When
they asked, "How did you learn this?" the Dogons replied that the
drawings on the walls of their cave showed them. These drawings show
a flying saucer - it looks like that very familiar shape -
coming out of the sky and landing on three legs, then it shows the
beings in the ship making a big hole in the ground, filling it with
water, jumping out of the ship into the water, and coming up to the
edge of the water. These beings look very much like dolphins; in
fact, maybe they were dolphins, but we don't know for certain. Then
they started communicating to the Dogons. They described where they
came from and gave the Dogon tribe all this information.
That's what the Dogons said. The scientists just sat there. Eventually
they said, "Nooo, we didn't hear that." Because it didn't fit into
anything they thought they knew, they just kind of hid the
information somewhere under a carpet in their minds. Most people,
scientists included, just do not know what to do with these kinds of
facts. There has been a lot of information like this that we just
don't know what to do with. Since we can't find a way to integrate
this unusual information with what we already think we know, we just
stick it away somewhere - because the theories don't work.