Apollonius of Tyana and The Shroud of Turin
Chronological Historical Bibliography
By Robertino Solàrion
Dallas, Texas
20-02-2002 (Update: 21 September 2004)

The following Apollonius Bibliography was compiled over the course of the past four years from my own personal library, messages from people on the Internet and information that I obtained through a search at the Google Internet Search Engine. The Google search found a total of 2,480 documents containing mention of Apollonius of Tyana, many of which were simply duplicates of others at different websites. When I reached item 762, Google indicated that these 762 were the most relevant and that other quite similar pages had been omitted, giving me a choice of continuing the search with the full list. Certainly, therefore, the following bibliography is complete in the sense that all of the most illustrious works about Apollonius of Tyana have been included. In addition to these primary works, Apollonius of Tyana has been mentioned casually in all sorts of miscellaneous articles that are catalogued online, many of which are electronic versions only. Although this current bibliography may be expanded or refined in the future, it is essentially complete at this point, as there are simply no other items which need to be included.

Some of these bibliographical references note that the date is approximate or do not include a place of publication. This information could not be determined; and if any reader can assist me in refining this data, please send email. Your cooperation will be most appreciated. An asterisk * beside the date denotes that these writings were unfavorable to Apollonius by authors who attempted to debunk this "fiction" in defense of "the Jesus Christ". Undoubtedly, additional items in the bibliography are equally anti-Apollonius, but I have no information one way or the other about them. Also, quite a number of these older books have been reprinted in recent decades, though most of these reprint dates are not included here but can be obtained through Web searching by author’s name.

This bibliography contains over 195 entries spanning the last 500 years. It does not contain any references to Apollonius of Tyana that can be found in various dictionaries and encyclopedias which have been published in numerous Western countries in the past. It also does not include any source of information about Apollonius prior to the republication of the Philostratus biography in Venice in 1501-1504. After the original publication of the Philostratus biography in 220 CE, the Council of Nicaea in 325 CE and the Edicts of Emperor Theodosius I in 381-389 CE, which made the dissemination of such information punishable by death, the Philostratus biography "officially disappeared" from history until 1501 when Aldus Manutius rediscovered it and published it along with numerous other ancient manuscripts, commonly known collectively as Rhetores Graeci. From that point until the present-day, all other attempts to censor or prohibit this book have been futile. Where this invaluable book had been hidden away for the thousand years prior to Aldus is, to date at least, unknown.

A Gaul/Frenchman named Apollinaris Sidonius (now known in France as Saint Sidoine), who married the daughter of Roman Emperor Avitus, apparently saw the Philostratus biography around the year 460 and prepared an analytical treatise about it for Pope Léon I, including at one point making a comparison of sorts between Apollonius and Léon. Catholic Bishop Nemesius of Emesa, Syria, who is peripherally connected to the Emerald Tablet, wrote that he had met Apollinaris Sidonius, a meeting that most probably took place in Rome when Sidonius was the Ambassador from Bordeaux and during a visit by Bishop Nemesius to the "Holy See". But whether Bishop Nemesius discussed the Emerald Tablet with Apollinaris Sidonius cannot be determined. It should also be noted here that Bishop Nemesius was from Emesa, the hometown of Philostratus’ patroness, the "philosophical" Syrian Roman Empress Julia Domna, whose own father Bassianus was himself the High Priest of Emesa. Certainly then, Bishop Nemesius was aware of the history of Julia Domna’s involvement with the biography of Apollonius and possibly also the Emerald Tablet, which centuries later may have become known as "The Table of the Sun".

Although I cannot say this with absolute certainty, as I have not yet seen this work, the 1932 French book by Maurice Magre, noted below, seems to link the saga of Apollonius to the Albigensians, a Gnostic Cathar cult that flourished in Albi, France, in the 12th-13th Centuries, until they were obliterated in the final medieval Crusade, the so-called "Albigensian Crusade" initiated in 1208 CE by Pope Innocent III and completed by his papal successors in 1244. And, curiously, Christian Rosenkruez (the pseudonym of Johan V. Andrea), founder of the Rosicrucian Order around 1614, is said by legend to have been buried on a mountain near Albi.

In that meantime, 500-1500 CE, other than works by Arab alchemist and philosopher Jabir Ibn Hayyan (now known as "Father of Arab Chemistry") in about the year 800 CE, and a Spanish writer Hugues de Santalla (styling himself "Geber" after Jabir) around 1150, citing both Aristotle’s "Secretum Secretorum" ("Secret of Secrets") and Jabir’s work about "Balinas The Wise" (i.e., Apollonius of Tyana), very little, if anything, regarding Apollonius was published in either Europe or the Middle East. One of Jabir’s books was titled Kitab al-Hajar ’ala Ra’y Balinas (or The Book of the Stone of Balinas [The Wise]). Apparently, it is from the writings of Jabir and "Geber" that we have modern knowledge of the "Emerald Tablet" ("Tabula Smaragdina") that was first attributed to Aristotle in his "Secretum Secretorum" which Hugues de Santalla translated from Arabic into Latin. For more information, the reader is referred below to the 1942 publication by Paul Kraus in Cairo, as well as the 1994 preface by D. Kahn, the 2000 article by Françoise Hudry and the more obscure 1798 document by Pierre Samuel Sylvestre de Sacy, all published in Paris. I also refer the reader to my own companion treatises titled "The Synchronized Chronologies of Roman and Related Histories" and "The Aldus Preface".

Parenthetically here, my work on this bibliography has undergone extensive revision and updating as the months have passed. Recently last March 2002, Professor David Armstrong of the University of Texas at Austin completed a translation from Latin/Greek into English of the preface which Aldus Manutius wrote to accompany his publication of Philostratus’ biography of Apollonius. Professor Armstrong’s work is an original translation commissioned by me, the first ever (that I know) of this Aldus preface into English. Simultaneously, Professeur François Gadeyne completed the first known modern French translation of the preface, which translation is not available here. This preface is analyzed in greater detail in another essay. However, it can be noted here that in 1501 Alemannus Rhinuccinus completed his translation of Philostratus’ Life of Apollonius; but Aldus postponed its publication for three years until after Friar Zanobi Acciaioli (addressed by Aldus as "Zenobius") of the San Marco Monastery Library in Florence could complete his new translation of Bishop Eusebius’ Contra Hieroclem, which Aldus stated in the preface was "the antidote to the poison" of the liar Philostratus.

Also, Aldus opened his preface by noting that the translation by Alemannus Rhinuccinus was the fourth translation into Latin, since (apparently) the Fifth Century contact between Apollinaris Sidonius and Pope Léon I in France. Thus, between the time of "Saint Sidoine" and Aldus, a period of one thousand years, three "lost" translations of this biography were completed; and Aldus knew about them all, but Aldus did not record for posterity’s sake exactly who undertook these three translations.

Here, for the record, is my personal modern rendition of the translation of the Emerald Tablet.


Here is that which the Priest Sagiyus of Nablus has dictated concerning the entrance of Balinas [Apollonius] into the hidden chamber [Cave of Trophonius?]:

After my entrance into the chamber, where the talisman was set up, I came up to an old man sitting on a golden throne, who was holding an Emerald Tablet in one hand. And behold the following -- in Syriac [Assyrian], the primordial language -- was written thereon:

1) Here is a true explanation, concerning which there can be no doubt.
2) It attests: As Above, So Below -- the work of the miracle of the One.
3) And things have been created from this primal substance through a single act. How wonderful is this work! It is the main principle of the world and is its maintainer.
4) Its father is the Sun and its mother, the Moon.
5) The wind has borne it in its body, and the Earth has nourished it.
6) The father of talismen and the protector of miracles whose powers are perfect, and whose lights are confirmed.
7) A fire becomes Earth, so separate the Earth from the fire, and thereby attain the subtle over the gross, with care and sagacity.
8) It rises from Earth to Heaven, so as to draw the lights of the heights to itself, and descends to the earth; thus within it are the forces of above and below.
9) Thus wilt thou partake of the light of the world, and darkness will flee from thee.
10) This is the force of forces, which overcomes every subtle thing and penetrates into all that is gross.
11) The structure of the microcosm is in accordance with the structure of the macrocosm.
12) And accordingly, the arrangements to follow this road are hidden.
13) And to this, aspired Hermes, who was thrice graced with majestic wisdom.
14) And this is his last book, which he concealed in this chamber.

Although when I began this introduction to the bibliography, I did not intend to include a discussion of the Emerald Tablet, it now seems appropriate to place it here, for to a certain extent the Emerald Tablet was the origin of all that followed. There has been debate as to the meaning of the world "emerald" in this context. Certainly it does not mean that this tablet was inscribed upon a large stone of pure emerald. Such a stone could not exist. Thus, people have suggested that it was inscribed on jade, not emerald. To me, this also seems a bit illogical, as jade like emerald is a precious jewel, not a rock or stone, like limestone or granite, for example. During my 1998 trip to Greece and Turkiye, I saw some areas where the rocks that lay on the ground were green in color, compared to, say, the sandstone rocks of Oklahoma which are usually reddish or white. There are rocks of all colors all across this planet. Thus, it is entirely possible that this brief "Book Of Hermes" could have been carved upon a tablet that was fashioned out of some of this Greek/Ionian green rock; and the word "emerald" or "smaragdina" would refer to the greenish color of the stone only -- not intending to imply the rarer jewels of emerald or jade.

In mid-2002, the following JPG was sent to me by an e-friend in a different context than Apollonius. However, it reaffirmed my own idea that this "Tabula Smaragdina" could have been fashioned from emerald-green rocks like these. This green-rock temple-cave complex is located at Ajanta, India (below image), about a two-hour drive east of modern Bombay (Mumbai), in western India. This is not too far off the route that Apollonius and Damis travelled south from Taxila after visiting the Iarchas and the Sages in the western Himalaya Mountains.

If you search on the Web for "Emerald Tablet", you will also find references to "Emerald Tablets" (plural). There is a series of 17 of these tablets, which are quite long by comparison to this single Tablet of Hermes. These other "tablets" discuss some of the writings found in the so-called "Hall of Amenti"; and even though they are interesting in and of themselves, they are not the authentic "Tabula Smaragdina" of Hermes, obtained by Apollonius from the Cave of Trophonius. What they really may be, I personally do not know.


Also in mid-2002, I obtained information regarding the difference between the single Emerald Tablet of Hermes and these other 17 essays, i.e., "Tablets" plural. These 17 later tablets were based upon the ideas of the single Emerald Tablet and are known collectively as "Corpus Hermeticum".

Aristotle was the teacher of Alexander The Great, who may have brought the Tablet from Egypt or Babylonia to Greece, perhaps on the actual advice of Aristotle. Then later still, the Tablet was attributed to Apollonius of Tyana, who probably retrieved it from the Cave of Trophonius about 100 kilometers northwest of Athens, or perhaps from the Cave of Orpheus in Thrace. Subsequently the Tablet was donated to or acquired by the personal library of Roman Emperor Hadrian in about 120 CE, 23 years after the death of Apollonius. Where this Tablet is located today is anyone’s guess; but again, curiously, it is rumored to have been hidden away a final time in Christian Rosenkruez’s mountain tomb at Albi, not too far away from Avignon, where the Holy See was headquartered during the 1300s, when the original "Mandylion" (now known as the Shroud of Turin) was brought from Constantinople to France in 1356.

There has been speculation amongst various people, including myself, that what was known as "The Holy Grail" (which some have also equated with the legendary "Philosopher’s Stone") was in fact the Emerald Tablet. The Holy Grail was supposedly a goblet that was used to collect drops of blood from the crucified Christ before he "died". An Internet friend in Australia referred me to a website where this "Holy Grail" is depicted as being "emerald green" in color. Whether this "coincidence" alone allows for an identification of the two as one and the same has not yet been determined.

Recently new excavations have begun at Tyana (modern Kemerhisar) in Turkiye, an effort by scholars to unearth what may remain of this ancient cultural and commercial center, which was founded in approximately 825 BCE by Assyrian Empress Semiramis Tuvannanas and Hittite-Cappadocian King Nimrod. Because of the linguistic similarity between the two words "Tyana" and "Tuvannanas", we may infer that perhaps the city was named after Empress Semiramis Tuvannanas. We shall have to wait and see if the Emerald Tablet, or anything else of significance to Apollonius, is discovered in the ruins of old Tyana.

The following bibliography illustrates the progress and speed of our global technology over the past half-millennium. As I have been assembling it, I have had to give it a lot of "editorial" scrutiny. Johann Gutenberg, inventor of the printing press, published his "Gutenberg Bible" in 1456, the first book ever published using a printing press. As the centuries have gone by, the amount of writing about Apollonius has increased accordingly, indicating how as time has passed, the speed of our ability to share information with one another has increased proportionately. I have counted the various publications in the different centuries, as follows:

  • 1500s -- 15

  • 1600s -- 12

  • 1700s -- 16

  • 1800s -- 49

  • 1900s -- 83

  • 2000s -- 21 (to date thus far)

Glancing through this collection of material, one understands immediately the reason for the following statement in the article concerning Flavius Philostratus in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volume III, Page 324, by Professor William Smith & Others, London, 1890:

"It would be endless to enumerate all the works that have been written in whole or in part regarding this life of Apollonius. An examination or notice of them will be found in the prefaces of Olearius and of Kayser. The work itself was first published by Aldus, 1501, Venice, fol., with a Latin translation by Alemannus Rhinuccinus, and along with it, as an antidote, Eusebius, Contra Hieroclem. The other editions having this work contain the whole works of Philostratus, as will be mentioned afterwards.

"The life of Apollonius (with a commentary by Artus Thomas) was translated into French by Blaise de Vigenère, 1596, 2 vols. 4to., and repeatedly republished, the translation being revised and corrected by Féd. Morel, one of the editors of Philostratus (Bayle, art. Apollonius Tyanaeus).

"A translation of the two first books, with notes professedly philological, but only partly so, and partly containing a commentary of bitter infidelity, was published in London, 1680, fol. The translation, and probably the philological notes, both of which evince much reading but not accurate scholarship, are by Charles Blount, whose tragical end is told by Bayle. The other notes were partly derived, it is said, from a manuscript of Lord Herbert. This translation was prohibited with severe penalties in 1693, but was twice reprinted on the Continent."

Let me express my profound gratitude to my Apollonius research colleague Nicolas Verger in Bordeaux, France, for his invaluable and untiring assistance in compiling this unprecedented chronological historical bibliography.

1501 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Flavius Philostratus (Original Greek, 220 CE)
Fourth Translation into Latin by Alemannus Rhinuccinus, Venice

1504 Publication by Aldus Mantius’ Press of Philostratus’ Life of Apollonius &
Bishop Eusebius’ Against Hierocles, "the antidote to the poison" (Greek, c316 CE),
First Translation into Latin by Friar Zanobi (Zenobius) Acciaioli,
San Marco Monastery Library, Florence

1508 Lives of the Sophists by Flavius Philostratus (Greek, 237 CE)
Latin Translation by Aldus Manutius Press, Venice

1515 Death in Venice of Aldus Manutius,
"Grandfather of the Paperback Book"

1549 Della Vita di Apollonio Tianeo by Francesco Baldelli, Florence
Italian Translation of Aldus’ Latin Version

1549 La Vita del Gran Philosopho Apollonio Tianeo by Lodovico Dolce, Venice
Italian Translation of Aldus’ Latin Version

1549 Della Vita del Mirabile Apollonio Tyaneo by Giovambernardo Gualandi, Venice
Italian Translation of Aldus’ Latin Version

1555 Lemnii, senioris, historia de vita Apollonii Tyanei - Philostrate, Gourbinus, Paris

1560 Unpublished First French Translation by Sibilet

1572 Auriferae artis, quam chemiam vocant, by Petrus Perna, Basle

1578 "Mandylion" (Burial Shroud) Moved from France to Turin, Italy

1588 Vie d’Apollonius de Tyane by Jan Van der Straeten, Brussels (approximate date)

1588 Series of 10 Engraving Sketches of the Life of Apollonius
by Johannes Stradanus (artistic pseudonym of Jan Van der Straeten, approximate date)

1596 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Flavius Philostratus
First Translation into French by Blaise de Vigenère

1599 De la vie d’Apollonius de Tyane - Philostrate, Angelier, Paris

1600 Giordano Bruno Burned at the Stake in Rome

1608 Philostrati lemnii opera quae exstant by Fédéric Morel, Paris

1610 Hiacum carmen Poetae Graeci cujus nomen ignoratur by Fédéric Morel, Paris
(approximate date)

1611 Republication of Blaise de Vigenère’s French Translation
with Commentary and Corrections by Artus Thomas

1611 De la vie d’Apollonius de Tyane - Philostrate, Veuve-Angelier, Paris

1645 De religions Gentilium errorum que apud eos causes
by Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury, London

1660* An Explanation of the Grand Mystery of Godliness by Henry More, London

1670 Entretiens sur les Sciences Secrètes ou le Comte de Gabalis
by l’Abbé Montfaucon de Villars, Paris (Rosicrucian Exposé)

1680 Apollonius of Tyana by Charles Blount, London
First Translation into English, with Commentary (4 Volumes)

1693 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana
Church of England’s First Official Condemnation &
Tragical Suicide of Charles Blount (Unrelated to Apollonius)

1696 Dictionnaire Historique et Critique (Pages 266-269) by Pierre Bayle, Paris

1699 Chronological Account of the Life of Pythagoras by William Lloyd, London

1705* L’Histoire d’Apollonius de Tyane Convaincue d’imposture et de Fausseté
by L’abbé du Pin, Paris

1709 Philostratus, Opera Omnia by Johann Gottfried Olearius, Leipzig

1709 "The Philosophical and Religious Life of Apollonius" by Christianus Herzog

1713 Mémoires pour Servir à l’Histoire Ecclésiastique des Six Premiers Siècles
(8 volumes) by Le Nain de Tillemont, Paris

1720 Récit de la vie d’Apollonius de Tyane by L’abbé Tillemont, Paris

1720 Histoire ecclésiastique by Claude Fleury, Paris

1721 Apollonius Tyanaeus by Laurent Moshe-Muis, Amsterdam

1740 "Essai sur les moeurs" by François Marie Arouet de Voltaire
(Comparison of Apollonius & Jesus, approximate date)

1750 Epoch of le Comte de Saint-Germain (lived circa 1691-1788)

1760 Essay on Apollonius by Jean de Castillon, Paris (approximate date)
Instigated by King Frederick II, The Great, of Prussia

1773 Apollonii Sophistae Lexicon Graecum Iliadis et Odysseae
by Jean-Baptiste d’Ansse de Villoison, Paris
(Obtained from l’Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés, before the death of le Comte de Saint-Germain)

1779 French Translation of Blount’s Apollonius of Tyana
Published in Amsterdam by Michel Rey
Dedicated to Pope Clement XIV, "Lover of Truth" (Papacy dated 1769-1774)

1787 Gewissheit der Beweise des Apollinismus oder Widerlegung der Preufung und
Vertheidigung der Apollonischen Religion by A.L. Cotta, Frankfurt & Leipzig

1788 The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
by Edward Gibbon, London

1794 Origine de tous les cultes by Charles François Dupuis, Paris

1798 "Le Livre du Secret de la Créature par le Sage Bélinous"
Notice et Extraits des Manuscrits IV
Translated by Pierre Samuel Sylvestre de Sacy (Pages 107-158), Paris

1801 The Magus by Francis Barrett, London (University Books Reprint, 1989)

1804 Observations in ... Philostrati Vitam Apollonii by F. Jacobs, Jena

1807 Vie d’Apollonius de Tyana by P.J.B. Legrand d’Aussy, Paris
(Published Posthumously)

1808 Specimen Variarum Lectionum ... in Philostratus Vitæ Apol. Librum Primum
by G.J. Bekker

1809 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Flavius Philostratus
English Translation by Rev. Edward Berwick, London

1826* "The Apollonius of Tyana" by John Henry Newman
Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, London

1828 Flavius Philostratus Werke by Friedrich Jacobs, Stuttgart

1829 Der Fall des Herdenthurus by Dr. H.G. Tschinier, Leipzig

1831 "Le Opere dei due Filostrati" by V. Lancetti
Collezione degli Antichi Storici Greci Volgarizzati, Milano

1832 Histoire de la destruction de Paganisme en l’Occident by A. Beugnot, Paris

1832 Apollonius von Tyana und Christus by Ferdinand Christian Baur, Tübingen

1844 The Philosophy of Magic, Prodigies, and Apparent Miracles by Eusèbe Salverte
Notes by Anthony T. Thompson, London

1844 Flavius Philostratus by Carl Ludwig Kayser, Zurich

1845 Zanoni by Edward Bulwer Lytton, London

1849 Philostratorum et Callistrati opera recognovit by Antonius Westermann, Paris

1850 The Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana by Osmond de Beauvoir Priaulx
Paris (approximate date)

1853 Isaac Laquedem (Chapters 30-41) by Alexandre Dumas, Père, Paris

1856* Unfavorable Mention of Apollonius in an Article by Charles Baudelaire, Paris

1856 Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magic (Nychéméron) by Eliphas Lévi, Paris

1858 "Apollonius von Tyana ein Christusbild des Heidenthums" by L. Noack
Psyche : Polulârwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift, Leipzig

1860 Commentatio qua de Philostrati in Componenda Memoria Apoll. Tyan.
by I.P.E. Müller, Onoldi et Landavii

1861 Apollonius von Tyana by Dr. Eduard Müller, Breslau

1862 Apollonius de Tyana par Philostrate by A. Chassang, Paris

1865* Apollonius, the Pagan Christ by Rev. Jean Albert Réville, Paris

1866 Hellenismus und Christenthum by Dr. H. Kellner, Kohn

1871 Flavii Philostrati opera auctiora by Carl Ludwig Kayser, Leipzig
(Reprinted in 1964, Hildesheim)

1874* La Tentation de Saint Antoine by Gustave Flaubert, Paris

1875 La Science du bien et du mal par Apollonius, Imprimerie Roanniase, Roanne

1877 Apollonius von Tyana, ein Weihnachtsgabe by C. Mönckeberg, Hamburg

1877 Madame Helena P. Blavatsky on Apollonius in Isis Unveiled, St. Petersburg

1878 Histoire des persécutions de l’Eglise by B. Aube, Paris

1879 "Apollonius von Tyana der Heiden Heiland, ein Philosophische Studie"
by C.H. Pettersch, Reichenberg

1879 Apollonios fra Tyana og Filostrats Beskrivelse af Hans Levnet
by C.L. Nielsen, Copenhagen

1880 What is Christianity? by Thomas L. Strange, London

1882* Historical Sketches, Volume I, by John Henry Cardinal Newman, London

1882 "Hermes Trismegistus", Poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

1883 Apollonius von Tyana, aus den Griech. Übersetzt u. Erläutert
by E. Baltzer, Rudolstadt

1883 Jesus Christ, A Fiction Founded Upon The Life Of Apollonius
by Michael Faraday, London

1885 Apollonius von Tyana und sein Biograph Philostratus by J. Jessen, Hamburg

1886 A Sketch of the Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Daniel M. Tredwell, New York

1886 La Vie d’Apollonius de Tyana by J. Guiraud, Montauban
(University of Montauban Thesis Only)

1889 Apollonius v Tyana by J. Goettsching, Leipzig

1890 A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Volume I, Pages 242-244, by Prof. William Smith & Others, London

1890 "Apollonius of Tyana", Essays and Studies by B.L. Gildersleeve, Baltimore

1892 Antiquity Unveiled by Jonathan M. Roberts, Philadelphia (partly channeled)

1894 The Unknown Life of Jesus Christ by Nicolas Notovitch, Moscow

1895 There Was No Jesus :
The Teacher of the New Testament was Apollonius of Tyana
by Jonathan M. Roberts & Gretta Spearman, Philadelphia (approximate date)

1898 "Apollonius of Tyana" by A.P. Sinnett, London
Transactions of the London Lodge of the Theosophical Society

1898 "Supérieur Inconnu" by Gabriel de Sacy, Paris
Baha’i Religious Writings Regarding Balinas & Baha’u’llah

1900 The Gospel of Apollonius of Tyana by Kenneth S. Guthrie, New York

1901 Apollonius of Tyana by G.R.S. Mead, London

1904 Apollonius of Tyana by H.C. de LaFontaine, London (approximate date)

1906 Apollonius of Tyana and Other Essays by T. Whittaker, London

1908* A History of Classical Scholarship, Volume I, by Sir John Edwin Sandys, London

1908 Apollonius of Tyana by F.W. Groves Campbell (Argonaut Reprint, 1968)

1910 Apollonius of Tyana by Ralph Shirley, London (approximate date)

1910 Occultists & Mystics of All Ages by Ralph Shirley, London (approximate date)

1911 Roman Society from Nero to Marcus Aurelius by S. Dill, London

1912 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Flavius Philostratus
New English Translation by F.C. Conybeare, London
Reprinted in 1989 by the Harvard Loeb Classical Library, Boston

1912* Philostratus, in Honour of Apollonius of Tyana by J.S. Phillimore, Glasgow

1914 "The Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana" by V.A. Smith
(unknown publisher)

1915 The Gospels and Contemporary Biographies in the Greco-Roman World
by Clyde Weber Votaw, Philadelphia

1925 "Apollonius of Tyana in Rhodes", Poem by Constantine P. Cavafy, Alexandria

1929 The New Nuctemeron -- The Twelve Hours of Apollonius of Tyana
by Marjorie Livingston, London (channeled)

1931 Turba Philosophorum by J. Ruska, Berlin

1932 La Table d’Émeraude by J. Mallinger, Brussels

1932 Magicians, Seers, and Mystics :
Apollonius of Tyana -- The Unknown Master of the Albigeneses
by Maurice Magre, Paris (approximately 1920)
English Translation by Reginald Merton, New York

1934 "The Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana" by Jarl Carpentier, Uppsala
Skrifter Utgivna av K. Hunanistika Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala
Vol. 29, No. 3

1936 Apollonius de Tyane by Mario Meunier, Paris

1939 Apollonius Tyanaeus by Constantine S. Kitriniaris, Athens (Reprinted in 1995)

1942 Jabir ibn Hayyan,
Contribution à l’histoire des idés scientifiques dans l’Islam
by Paul Kraus, Cairo

1945 Discovery at Nag Hammadi, Upper Egypt, of the Gnostic Scrolls, Including
The Gospel of Thomas (Undoubtedly Written by Damis of Ninevah at Edessa)

1945* More Essays on Greek Romances by Elizabeth Hazelton Haight, New York

1948 Der Wanderer Durch den Sternkreis : Roman des Apollonius von Tyana
by Maria Schneider

1948 Apollonius von Tyana, Leben und Werk eines Eingeweihten
by Maria Schneider (Reprinted in 1997; original date?)

1954 Apollonius of Tyana -- Founder of Christianity by Alice Winston, New York

1956 Mystery Man of The Bible by Hilton Hotema

1956 Apollonius the Nazarene by Dr. Raymond W. Bernard (Reprinted in 1964)
[Raymond W. Bernard was a pseudonym of Walter Seigmeister. He died in the 1960s.]

1960 The Secret Sayings of Jesus by Robert Grant & David Noel Freeman, New York City

1965 Iamblicus’ Life of Pythagoras, Edited by Thomas Taylor and John M. Watkins

1968 Das Nykthemeron des Apollonius von Tyana
by J. van Rijckenborgh, Amsterdam

1968 Apollonius de Tyane et Jésus by Jean-Louis Bernard, Paris (Reprinted in 1996)
(Not Related to Dr. Raymond W. Bernard)

1969 Apollonius of Tyana : Fact or Fiction? by B.F. Harris

1970 Die Traditionen über Apollonius von Tyana und das Neue Testament
by G. Petzke, Leiden

1972 The Formation of the Christian Bible by Hans von Campenhausen, Philadelphia

1975 Vorsokratische Philosophie und Griechische Alchemie
by M. Plessner, Weisbaden

1977 The Middle Platonists by John Dillon, Duckworth

1978 An Overlooked Story about Apollonius of Tyana in Anastasius Sinaita
by Robert J. Penella, Leiden

1978 Jesus the Magician: Charlatan or Son of God? by Morton Smith

1979 The World of Aldus Manutius by Martin Lowry, Ithaca, New York

1979 The Letters of Apollonius of Tyana by Robert J. Penella, Leiden

1979 "Apollonius, Sage of Tyana" by Elsa-Brita Titchenell
Sunrise Magazine (January Issue), Los Angeles

1980* The Novel in Antiquity by Tomas Hagg, Stockholm

1983 The Golden Verses of Pythagoras with the Commentary of Hierocles
by N. Rowe, Santa Barbara, California

1983 Virtual Visions: Phantasia and the Perception of the Divine in Philostratus’ Life of Apollonius of Tyana
by V. Platt (approximate date)

1984 The Nag Hammadi Library by J.M. Robinson, Leiden

1985 Iamblicus and the Theory of the Vehicle of the Soul by John Finamore

1986 Apollonius of Tyana in Legend and History by Maria Dzielska, Rome

1986* The Miracles of Jesus by B. Blackburn, Sheffield, England

1986 Philostratus : Biography and Belles Lettres in the Third Century AD
by G. Anderson, London, Sydney & New Hampshire

1987 "Apollonius of Tyana : Tradition and Reality" by Ewen Lyall Bowie

1987 The Lost Years of Jesus by Elizabeth Clare Prophet, Livingston, Montana

1987 The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library, Edited by Kenneth S. Guthrie

1989 True Messiah : The Story and Wisdom of Apollonius of Tyana by P.A. Malpas

1991 Los Milagros de la <<Vida de Apolonia de Tiana>> by Carmen Padilla, Madrid

1992 The Jesus Conspiracy : The Turin Shroud & The Truth About the Resurrection
by Holger Kersten and Elmar R. Gruber, Munich
(English Translation 1994)

1992 "Eusebius and the Posthumous Career of Apollonius of Tyana"
by Alan Mendelson
Eusebius, Christianity and Judaism, Edited by H.W. Attridge and G. Hata, Detroit

1992 Apollonios von Tyana in der Neutestamentlichen Exegese
by Erkii Koskenniemi, Turku, Finland

1993 The Divine Iamblicus: Philosopher and Man of God
by H.J. Blumenthal and E.G. Clark, Bristol

1994 The Alchemical Works of Geber by R. Russell (Samuel Weiser), New York

1994 The Jewish Alchemists by R. Patai, Princeton

1994 Jesus in India by James W. Deardorff, London & Oxford

1994 "Préface" à Hermes Trismégiste, La Table d’Émeraude
et sa traditions alchimique (pages ix-xxvii) by D. Kahn, Paris

1994* Fiction as History : Nero to Julian by Glen Warren Bowersock, Berkeley

1994* "Philostratus : Writer of Fiction", Greek Fiction : The Greek Novel in Context
by J.R. Morgan and Richard Stoneman, New York

1994 "Stradanus Drawings for the Life of Apollonius of Tyana"
by Dorine van Sasse van Ysselt
Master Drawings Publication, New York

1994 Sage, Saint and Sophist: Holy Men and their Associates in the Roman Empire
by G. Anderson, London

1995 Theurgy of the Soul: The Neoplatonism of Iamblicus
by Gregory Shaw, Pennsylvania

1995 "Excursus Two : Jesus and Apollonius of Tyana" by Craig A. Evans, Leiden
Jesus and His Contemporaries : Comparative Studies

1995 "Apollonius of Tyana : The Rehabilitated Ascetic" by James A. Francis
Subversive Virtue : Asceticism and Authority in the Second-Century Pagan
University Park, Pennsylvania

1995 Power, Paideia & Pythagoreanism :
Greek Identity, Conceptions of the Relationship
Between Philosophers and Monarchs and Political Ideas in Philostratus’
Life of Apollonius by Jaap-Jan Flinterman, Amsterdam

1995 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Philostratus, 3 Volumes
Original Greek & Modern Greek Versions, Athens (Georgiadis Editions)

1996 "The Exorcisms of Apollonius of Tyana and Jesus of Nazareth"
The Society of Biblical Literature, New Orleans

1996 The Severans : The Changed Roman Empire by Michael Grant,
London & New York City

1996* The Novel in the Ancient World by Gareth Schmeling (Editor)
New York, Leiden & Köln
"The Ancient Readers of the Greek Novel" by E. Bowie
"Philostratus on Apollonius of Tyana : The Unpredictable on the Unfathomable" by E.G. Anderson

1997 One Jesus, Many Christs by Gregory J. Riley, San Francisco

1997 Zywot Apolloniusza z Tiany, Philostratus Biography
Translated by Ireneusz Kania, Krakow

1997 Il Serto e la Folgore : La Vita di Apollonio di Tyana by Lorenzo Brizio, Torino
(original date 1875?)

1998 Apollonius of Tyana : The Monkey of Christ?
by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas, with Polo Delsalles, Montréal

1999 Ethics of Civilization by Sanderson Beck, California (includes Apollonius)

1999 Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexion (brief note only)
by Verlag Traugott Bautz

1999 The Emerald Tablet : Alchemy for Personal Transformation
by Dennis William Hauck, New York

2000 Le "De secretis nature" du pseudo-Apollonius,
Traduction latine par Hugues de Santalla du "Kitab sirr al-haliqa"
Edited and Presented by Françoise Hudry, Revue Chrysopoeia, Paris

2000 The Life of Apollonius of Tyana by Philostratus, 3 Volumes
Original Greek & Modern Greek Versions, Athens (Cactos Editions)

2000 "Philostratus of Athens, Life of Apollonius of Tyana" by Megan H. Williams
Religions of Late Antiquity in Practice, Edited by Richard Valantasis

2001 Shambhala, La Tierra de los Sabios
by Fabrizio Torricelli and Maria Marin, Madrid

2001 Commencement of Archaeological Excavations at Tyana, Cappadocia,
Funded by the Italian Government and Sponsored by Dr. Asim Tanis of Venice,
with the Turkish Cooperation of "The Mayor of Tyana", Honorable Bulent Ilgaz

2002 L’Essai Illimité by Nicolas Verger, Bordeaux (January)

2002 Apollonius of Tyana & The Shroud of Turin
"The Synchronized Chronologies of Roman and Related Histories"
by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas, with Nicolas Verger, Bordeaux (April)

2002 "Apollonius of Tyana : Chronological Historical Bibliography"
by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas, with Nicolas Verger, Bordeaux (April, with periodic updating)

2002 "The Naples Bust & The Turin Shroud" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (April)

2002 "The Aldus Preface", Edited with Comments by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas
First Translation from Latin/Greek into English by Professor David Armstrong,
Classics Department, University of Texas, Austin (May)

For the original Latin/Greek Aldus Preface, courtesy of Professor Roberto Espinosa of Brigham Young University in Salt Lake City, Utah, please click here.

2002 Restoration of the "Apollonius Cultural Festival" at Tyana/Kemerhisar, Cappadocia
(Saturday & Sunday, 27-28 July 2002)

2002 "A Mathematical Analysis of Ancient History" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (August)

2002 "The Son of Father Superior" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (November)

2002 "Nazareth, Nazarenes, Nazarites & Apollonius of Tyana" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (November)

2002 "The White Syrians of Aramaean Cappadocia" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (December)

2004 Planet X Nibiru : Slow-Motion Doomsday by Rob Solàrion, Dallas (February)

2004 "Christ Crucifixion Conundrum" by Rob Solàrion, Dallas (April)

2004 "The Many Faces of Apollonius" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (August)

2004 L’Ultime Tentative by Nicolas Verger, Bordeaux (Pending)

2004 "Revenge & Retribution : Apollonius, Vespasian & Titus" by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (Pending)

2005 Osiris & Isis : The Galactic Origin Of Planet X Nibiru by Robertino Solàrion, Dallas (Pending)