by Armen Victorian
following article which appeared in the U.K. magazine,
LOBSTER, in June 1993, is reproduced at the
request of the author. (LOBSTER
magazine, which specializes in intelligence
and conspiracy matters, is published twice yearly.)
’Non-Lethality: John B. Alexander, The Pentagon’s
Penguin’, was republished in
Nexus (October/November, 1993)
as ’Psychic Warfare and Non-Lethal Weapons’ under
Henry Azadehdel’s ’hobby’ name of Armen
On April 22, 1993, both BBC1 and BBC2 showed on their main evening
news bulletins a rather lengthy piece concerning America’s latest
development in weaponry - the non-lethal weapons concept. David
Shukman, BBC Defense Correspondent interviewed (Retired) U.S.
Army Colonel John B. Alexander and Janet Morris, two
of the main proponents of the concept
(1). The concept of non-lethal weapons is
not new. Non-lethal weapons have been used by the intelligence,
police and defense establishments in the past
Several western governments have used a
variety of non-lethal weapons in a more discreet and covert manner.
It seems that the U.S. government is about to take the first step
towards their open use.
The current interest in the concept of non-lethal weapons
began about a decade ago with John Alexander. In December
1980 he published an article in the U.S. Army’s journal, MILITARY
REVIEW, "The New Mental Battlefield," referring to claims that
telepathy could be used to interfere with the brain’s
electrical activity. This caught the attention of senior Army
generals who encouraged him to pursue what they termed "soft
option kill" technologies.
After retiring from the Army in 1988, Alexander joined the
Los Alamos National Laboratories and began working with Janet
Morris, the Research Director of the U.S. Global Strategy
Council (USGSC), chaired by Dr Ray Cline, former
Deputy Director of the CIA (3).
I examine the background of Janet Morris and John Alexander in more
Throughout 1990 the USGSC lobbied the main national
laboratories, major defense contractors and industries, retired
senior military and intelligence officers. The result was the
creation of a Non-lethality Policy Review Group, led by Major
General Chris S. Adams, USAF (retd.) former Chief of Staff,
Strategic Air Command (4).
They already have the support of Senator Sam Nunn, chair of
the Senate Armed Services Committee. According to Janet Morris,
the military attaché at the Russian Embassy has contacted USGSC
about the possibility of converting military hardware to a
In 1991 Janet Morris issued a number of papers giving more
detailed information about USGSC’s concept of non-lethal weapons
(5). Shortly after, the
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command at Fort Monroe, VA,
published a detailed draft report on the subject titled "Operations
Concept for Disabling Measures." The report included over twenty
projects in which John Alexander is currently involved at the
Los Alamos national Laboratories.
In a memorandum dated April 10, 1991, titled "Do we need a
Non-lethal Defense initiative?" Paul Wolfwitz, Under
Secretary of Defense for Policy, wrote to Defense Secretary Dick
"A U.S. lead in non-lethal
technologies will increase our options and reinforce our
position in the post-Cold War world. Our Research and
Development efforts must be increased."
HOW LETHAL IS
To support their non-lethal weapons concept, Janet Morris
argues that while,
"war will always be terrible... a world power
deserving its reputation for humane action should pioneer the
principles of non-lethal defense (6)."
In "Defining a non-lethal strategy," she seeks to establish a
doctrine for the use of non-lethal weapons by the U.S. in crisis "at
home or abroad in a life serving fashion."
She totally disregards
the offensive, lethal aspects inherent in some of the weapons in
question, or their misuse, should they become available to "rogue"
nations. Despite her arguments that non-lethal weapons should serve
the U.S.’s interests,
"at home and abroad by projecting power without
indiscriminately taking lives or destroying property
(7)," she admits that
"casualties cannot be avoided (8)."
Closer examination of the types of weapons to be used as
non-lethal invalidates her assertions about their
non-lethality. According to her white paper, the areas where
non-lethal weapons could be useful are,
"regional and low intensity conflict
(adventurism, insurgency, ethnic violence, terrorism, narco-
trafficking, domestic crime) (9)."
She believes that,
"by identifying and requiring a new
category of non-lethal weapons, tactics and strategic planning"
the U.S. can reshape its military capability, "to meet the
already identifiable threats" that they might face in a
multipolar world "where American interests are globalized and
American presence widespread (10)."
Janet Morris’ "White Paper" recommends "two types
of life-conserving technologies":
ANTI-MATERIAL NON-LETHAL TECHNOLOGIES
To destroy or impair electronics, or in other ways stop
mechanical systems from functioning. Amongst current
technologies from which this category of non- lethal weapons
would or could be chosen are:
Chemical and biological weapons
for their anti-materiel agents "which do not significantly
endanger life or the environment, or anti-personnel agents
which have no permanent effects
Laser blinding systems to
incapacitate the electronic sensors, or optics, i.e. light
detection and ranging. Already the Army Infantry School is
developing a one-man portable and operated laser weapons
system known as the Infantry Self-Defense System. The U.S.
Army’s Armament Research, Development and Engineer Center
(ARDEC), is also engaged in the development of
non-lethal weapons under their program called "Low
Collateral Damage Munitions" (LCDM). The LCDM is
trying to develop technologies leading to weapons capable of
dazzling and incapacitating missiles, armored vehicles and
Pulse weapons (12).
As General Norman Schwartzkopf has told the U.S.
Joint Chiefs of Staff, one such weapons stationed in space
with a wide-area-pulse capacity has the ability to fry enemy
electronics. But what would be the fate of enemy personnel
in such a scenario? In a join project with the Los Alamos
National Laboratories and with technical support from the
Army’s Harry Diamond Laboratories, ARDEC are
developing High Power Microwave (HPM)
Projectiles. According to ARDEC, the Diamond lab has already
"completed a radio frequency effects analysis on a
representative target set" for (HPM).
Among the chemical agents,
so-called super caustics - "Millions of times more caustic
than hydrofluoric acid (13)"
- are prime candidates. An artillery round could deliver
jellied super-acids which could destroy the optics of
heavily armored vehicles or tanks, vision blocks or glass,
and "could be used to silently destroy key weapons systems
On less lethal aspects the use of
net-like entanglements for SEAL teams, or "stealthy"
metal boats with low or no radar signature, "for night actions,
or any sea borne or come-ashore stealthy scenario" are under
More colorful concepts are the use of chemical metal
embitterment, often called liquid metal embitterment and
anti-materiel polymers which would be used in aerosol dispersal
systems, spreading chemical adhesives or lubricants (i.e.
Teflon-based lubricants) on enemy equipment from a distance.
Hand-held lasers which
are meant "to dazzle," could also cause the eyeball to
explode and to blind the target.
Isotropic radiators -
explosively driven munitions, capable of generating very
bright omni-directional light, with similar effects to laser
High-power microwaves (HPM)
- U.S. Special Operations command already has that
capability within their grasp as a portable microwave weapon
Myron L. Wolbarsht, a Duke University opthalamist and
expert in laser weapons stated:
Another candidate is
Infrasound - acoustic beams. In conjunction with the
Scientific Applications and Research Associates (SARA) of
Huntingdon, California, ARDEC and Los Alamos laboratories
are busy "developing a high power, very low frequency
acoustic beam weapons." They are also looking into methods
of projecting non-diffracting (i.e. non-penetrating) high
frequency acoustic bullets. ARDEC scientists are also
looking into methods of using pulsed chemical lasers. This
class of lasers could project,
Infrasound. Already some
governments have used it as a means of crowd control - e.g.
Very low frequency (VLF)
sound (20-35 KHz), or low-frequency RF modulations can
cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pains.
"Some very low frequency
sound generators, in certain frequency ranges, can cause
the disruption of human organs and, at high power
levels, can crumble masonry
The CIA had a similar
program in 1978 called Operation Pique, which
included bouncing radio or microwave signals off the
ionosphere to affect mental functions of people in selected
areas, including Eastern European nuclear installations
The entire non-lethal weapon concept opens up a new Pandora’s Box of
unknown consequences. The main personality behind it is retired
Colonel John B. Alexander. Born in New York in 1937, he spent
part of his career as a Commander of Green Berets Special Forces in
Vietnam, led Cambodian mercenaries behind enemy lines, and took part
in a number of clandestine programs, including Phoenix. He
currently holds the post of Director of Non-lethal Programs
in the Los Alamos National Laboratories.
Alexander obtained a BaS from the University of Nebraska and
an MA from Pepperdine University. In 1980 he was awarded a PhD from
Walden University (20)
for his thesis "To determine whether or not significant changes
in spirituality occur in persons who attended a Kubler-Ross
life/death transition workshop during the period June through
February 1979." His dissertation committee was chaired by
He has long been interested in what used to be regarded as "fringe"
areas. In 1971, while a Captain in the infantry at Schofield
Barracks, Honolulu, he was diving in the
Bemini Islands looking for
the lost continent of Atlantis. He was an official
representative for the Silva mind control organization and a
lecturer on Precataclysmic Civilizations
is also a past President and a Board member of the International
Association for Near Death Studies; and, with his former wife,
Jan Northup, he helped Dr C.B. Scott Jones perform ESP
experiments with dolphins (22).
Retired Major General Albert N. Stubblebine (Former Director
of U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command) and Alexander are on
the board of a "remote viewing" company called
PSI-TECH. The company also employs
Major Edward Dames (ex Defense Intelligence Agency), Major
David Morehouse (ex 82nd Airborne Division), and Ron
Blackburn (former microwave scientist and specialist at Kirkland
Air Force Base). PSI-TECH has received several government
contracts. For example, during the Gulf War crisis the Department
for Defense asked it to use remote viewing to locate Saddam’s
Scud missiles sites. Last year (1992) the FBI sought
PSI-TECH’s assistance to locate a kidnapped Exxon executive (23).
With Major Richard Groller and Janet Morris as his
co-authors, Alexander published
THE WARRIOR’S EDGE
1990 (24). The book
describes in detail various unconventional methods which would
enable the practitioner to acquire "human excellence and optimum
performance" and thereby become an invincible warrior
(25). The purpose of the
book is "to unlock the door to the extraordinary human potentials
inherent in each of us. To do this, we, like governments around the
world , must take a fresh look at non-traditional methods of
affecting reality. We must raise human consciousness of the
potential power of the individual body/mind system - the power to
manipulate reality. We must be willing to retake control of our
past, present, and ultimately, our future
Alexander is a friend of Vice President Al Gore Jnr,
their relationship dating back to 1983 when Gore was in
Alexander’s Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP). NLP
"presented to selected general officers and Senior Executive Service
members (27)" a set
of techniques to modify behavior patterns
(28). Among the first generals to take the
course was the then Lieutenant General Maxwell Thurman, who
later went on to receive his fourth star and become Vice-Chief of
Staff at the Army and Commander Southern Command
(29). Among other senior
participants were Tom Downey and Major General Stubblebine,
former Director of the Army Intelligence Security Command.
"In 1983, the Jedi master (from the
Star Wars movie - author) provided an image and a name for the
Jei Project (30)."
Jedi Project’s aim was to seek
and "construct teachable models of behaviorable/physical excellence
using unconventional means (31)."
According to Alexander the Jedi Project was to be a
follow-up to Neuro-Linguistic Programming skills. By using the
influence of friends such as Major General Stubblebine, who
was then head of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, he
managed to fund Jedi. In reality the concept was old hat,
re-christened by Alexander. The original idea which was to
show how "human will power and human concentration affect
performance more than any other single factor
(32)" using NLP
skills, was the brainchild of three independent people; Fritz
Erikson, a Gestalt therapist, Virginia Satir, a family therapist
and Erick Erickson, a hypnotist.
Janet Morris, co-author of
THE WARRIOR’S EDGE, is best known
as a science fiction writer but has been a member of the New York
Academy of Sciences since 1980 and is a member of the Association
for Electronic Defense. She is also the Research Director of the
U.S. Global Strategy Council (USGSC). She was initiated
into the Japanese art of bioenergetics, Joh-re, the
Indonesian brotherhood of Subud, and graduated from the Silva
course in advanced mind control. She has been conducting remote
viewing experiments for fifteen years. She worked on a research
project investigating the effects of mind on probability in computer
systems. Her husband, Robert Morris, is a former judge and a
key member of the American Security Council
In a recent telephone conversation with the author
(34), Janet Morris
confirmed John Alexander’s involvement in mind control
and psychotronic projects in the Los Alamos National
Laboratories. Alexander and his team have recently been working with
Dr Igor Smirnov, a psychologist from the Moscow Institute
of Psychocorrelations. They were invited to the U.S. after Janet
Morris’ visit to Russia in 1991. There she was shown the technique
which was pioneered by the Russian Department of Psycho-Correction
at Moscow Medical Academy. The Russians employ a technique to
electronically analyze the human mind in order to influence it. They
input subliminal command messages, using key words transmitted in "white
noise" or music (35).
Using an infrasound very low frequency-type transmission, the
acoustic psycho-correction message is transmitted via bone
conduction - ear plugs would not restrict the message. To do that
would require an entire body protection system. According to the
Russians the subliminal messages by-pass the conscious level
and are effective almost immediately.
Jones is the former assistant to Senator Clairborne Pell
(Democrat, Rhode Island). Scott Jones was a member of U.S.
Naval Intelligence for 15 years, as well as Assistant Naval Attaché,
New Delhi, India, in the 1960s. Jones has briefed the President’s
Scientific Advisory Committee, and has testified before House and
Senate Committees on intelligence matters. After the navy he "worked
in the private sector research and development community involved in
the U.S. government sponsored projects for the Defense Nuclear
Agency (DNA), Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)
and U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command." He has been head
of the Rockefeller Foundation for some time and chairs the
American Society for Psychical Research
Alexander and C.B. Jones are members of
the AVIARY, a group of intelligence
and Department of Defense officers and scientists with a brief to
discredit any serious research in the UFO field. Each member of
the Aviary bears a bird’s name. Jones is FALCON,
John Alexander is PENGUIN.
One of their agents; a UFO researcher known as William Moore,
who was introduced to John Alexander at a party in 1987 by Scott
Jones, confessed in front of an audience at a conference held by the
MUTUAL UFO NETWORK (MUFON) on July 1, 1989, in Las
Vegas, how he was promised inside information by the senior members
of the AVIARY in return for his obedience and service to
them. He participated in the propagation and dissemination of
disinformation fed to him by various members of the AVIARY. He also
confessed how he was instructed to target one particular individual,
an electronics expert,
Dr Paul Bennewitz, who had
accumulated some UFO film footage and electronic signals which were
taking place in 1980 over the Menzano Weapons Storage areas,
at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. As a result of Moore’s
involvement, coupled with some surreptitious entries and
psychological techniques, Bennewitz ended up in a psychiatric
Just before the publication of my first paper unmasking two members
of the AVIARY (37)
I was visited by two of their members (MORNING DOVE and HAWK) who
had travelled to the U.K. with a message from the senior ranks
advising me not to go ahead with my expose. I rejected the proposal.
Immediately after the publication of that paper, and with the full
knowledge that myself and a handful of colleagues knew the true
identities of their members, John B. Alexander confessed that
he was indeed a member of the AVIARY, nicknamed PENGUIN.
The accuracy of our information was further confirmed to me by yet
another member of the AVIARY, Ron Pandolphi,
PELICAN. Pandolphi is a PhD in physics and works at the Rocket
and Missile section of the Office of the Deputy Director of Science
and Technology, CIA.
In his book, OUT THERE (38),
the NEW YORK TIMES journalist Howard Blum refers to "a
UFO Working Group" within the Defense Intelligence Agency. Despite
DIA’s repeated denials (39),
the existence of this working group has been confirmed to me by more
than one member of the group itself, including an independent source
in the Office of Naval Intelligence.
The majority of the group’s members are
senior members of the AVIARY:
Dr Christopher Green (BLUEJAY)
from the CIA (40)
Harold Puthoff (OWL) ex-NSA
Dr Jack Verona (RAVEN) (DoD, one
of the initiators of the DIA’s Sleeping Beauty project which
aimed to achieve battlefield superiority using mind-altering
John Alexander (PENGUIN)
Ron Pandolphi (PELICAN)
The mysterious "Col. Harold E.
Phillips" who appears in Blum’s OUT THERE is none other
than John B. Alexander.
John Alexander’s position as the Program Manager for Contingency
Missions of Conventional Defense Technology, Los Alamos National
Laboratories, enabled him to exploit the Department of Defense’s
Project RELIANCE "which encourages a search for all possible
sources of existing and incipient technologies before developing new
technology in-house (41)"
to tap into a wide range of exotic topics, sometimes using defense
contractors, e.g. McDonnel Douglas Aerospace. I have several
reports, some of which were compiled before his departure to the Los
Alamos National Laboratories when he was with Army Intelligence,
which show Alexander’s keen interest in any and every exotic
near death experiments
John Alexander utilizes the bank
of information he has accumulated to try to develop psychotronic,
psychological and mind weaponry. He began thinking
about non-lethal weapons a decade ago in his paper "The
New Mental Battlefield." He seems to want to become a
"Master." If he ever succeeds in this ambition the rest of us
ordinary mortals had better watch out.
1. Letter dated 2 April, 1993, to
author from Mrs Victoria Alexander.
2. The U.S. Army Chemical and Military Police used "Novel Effect
Weapons" against the women protesters at the Greenham Common
3. The United States Global Strategy Council is an independent
think tank, incorporated in 1981. It focuses on long-range
strategic issues. The founding members were Clare Boothe Luce,
General Maxwell Taylor, General Albert Wedemeyer, Dr Ray Cline
(Co-chair), Jeane Kirkpatrick (Co-chair), Morris Leibman, Henry
luce III, J. William Middendorf II, Admiral Thomas H. Moorer USN
(retd), General Richard Stillwell (retd), Dr Michael A. Daniles
(President), Dr Dalton A. West (Executive Vice President). Its
Research Directors were Dr Yona Alexander, Dr Roger Fontaine,
Robert L. Katula and Janet Morris.
4. NONLETHAlITY: DEVELOPMENT OF A NATIONAL POLICY AND EMPLOYING
NONLETHAL MEANS IN A NEW STATEGIC ERA - a Project of the U.S.
Global Strategy Council, 1991, p.4. Other staff members of the
USGSC are Steve Trevino, Dr John B. Alexander and Chris Morris.
5. The USGSC has issued a wide variety of papers on the
Nonlethal Weapons Concept. For example, IN SEARCH OF NONLETHAL
STRATEGY (Janet Morris); NONLETHALITY: A GLOBAL STRATEGY - WHITE
PAPER; NONLETHALITY BRIEFING SUPPLEMENT No.1; and NONLETHALITY
IN THE OPERATIONAL CONTINUUM.
6. IN SEARCH OF A NONLETHAL STRATEGY, Janet Morris, p.1.
7. NONLETHALITY: A GLOBAL STRATEGY - WHITE PAPER, p.3. 8. IN
SEARCH OF... P.3.
9. In the recent cult siege in Waco, Texas, a "nonlethal"
technique, projecting sublimal messages, was used to influence
David Kuresh - without effect.
10. NONLETHALITY: A GLOBAL STRATEGY - WHITE PAPER, p.2.
11. The computer data base compiled during the CIA/Army’s
Project OFTEN, examining several thousand chemical compounds,
during 1976-1973, is a most likely candidate for any chemical
agents for nonlethal weapons.
12. The British MoD is already developing a "microwave bomb."
Work on the weapon is going on at the Defence Research Agency at
Farnborough, Hampshire. See SUNDAY TELEGRAPH September 27, 1992,
partly reproduced in LOBSTER 24, p.14. The Royal Navy is already
in possession of laser weapons which dazzle aircraft pilots. The
Red Cross has called for them to be banned under the Geneva
Convention because could permanently blind.
13. IN SEARCH OF A NONLETHAL STRATEGY, p.13.
15. The U.S. Navy, through its Project SEA SHADOW, has already
developed a stealth boat. Like the Lockheed F117A, stealth
fighter, it leaves no radar signature - BBC, Newsround, April
16. Taped conversation with Janet Morris, March 1, 1993.
17. THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, January 4, 1993.
18. IN SEARCH OF A NONLETHAL STRATEGY, p. 14.
19. REMOTE CONTROL TECHNOLOGY, Anna Keeler (FULL DISCLOSURE, Ann
Arbor, U.S.A., 1989) p.11.
20. Walden University, 801 Anchor Road Drive, Naples, Fl. 33904,
U.S.A. Walden University considers itself a non-traditional
university and does not offer any undergraduate courses to its
21. Brad Steiger, MYSTERIES OF SPACE AND TIME (Prentice Hall,
Engelwood Cliffs, New Jersey) pp.72 and 3. The U.S. Army Command
and General College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, issued this on
Alexander’s career: "Colonel John B. Alexander, U.S. Army
Retired, manages Antimateriel Technology at Los Alamos National
Laboratories, Los Alamos, New Mexico. His military assignments
included; Advanced Systems Concepts Office, Laboratory Command;
manager, Technology Integration Office, Army Material Command;
assistant deputy chief of staff, Technology Planning and
Management, Army Material Command; and chief, Advanced Human
Technology, Intelligence and Security Command."
22. Taped telephone conversation with Dr Scott Jones, August 17,
23. Taped telephone conversation with Maj. Edward Dames, June
27, 1992; and THE BULLETIN OF ATOMIC SCIENTISTS, December 1992,
24. THE WARRIOR’S EDGE, Col. John B. Alexander, Maj. Richard
Groller and Janet Morris, (William Morrow Inc., New York, 1990).
25. Ibid. p.9.
26. Ibid. pp.9 and 10.
27. Ibid p.47.
30. Ibid. pp.72 and 3.
31. Ibid. p.12.
32. Ibid. p. 13.
33. The American Security Council (ASC) Box 8, Boston, Virginia
22713, USA. ASC is militarist, anti-communist and right-wing.
Formed in the mid 1950s, the Council acts as a right-wing think
tank on foreign policy and lobbies for the expansion and
strengthening of U.S. military forces. In 1985 the ASC had
330,000 members. See, for example, the entry for the ASC in THE
RADICAL RIGHT: A WORLD DIRECTORY, compiled by Ciaran O Maolain
(Longman, London 1987).
34. Taped telephone conversation with Janet Morris, March 1,
35. In 1989 a U.S. Department of Defense consultant and
contractor explained to the author how he was asked to examine
the possibility of devising operational methods of transmitting
subliminal messages through the TV screen.
36. "Will the Real Scott Jones please stand up?" - unpublished
paper by George Hansen and Robert Durant, February 20, 1990,
pp.4 and 5.
37. "The Birds" Armen Victorian, in U.K. UFO Magazine, Vol.11
No.3, July/August 1992, pp 4-7.
38. OUT THERE, Howard Blum (Simon and Schuster, London 1990)
pp.44, 46-51, 55-57.
39. DIA’s letters to author dated July 12, 1991, July 8, 1992
and December 18, 1992.
40. Dr Chistopher "Kit" Green, BLUEJAY, has admitted that the
CIA has compiled over 30,000 files on UFOs, 200 of which are
extremely interesting. Green was a key CIA member in examining
the UFO problem for several years.
41. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Institutional Plan Fiscal
Year 1992 - Fiscal Year 1997, p.14.